Some Guidelines on Takfeer (excommunication) by Shaykh Sulaiman Al Ulwan فك الله أسره

Some guidelines on Takfeer by Shaikh Sulaiman Al Ulwaan hafizahullah
 
 
Question:
Sheikh, may Allah reward you with the best, today Takfeer al-Mu’ayyan [declaring an individual/person to be a disbeliever] is widespread, by some people, and some of them are from amongst the students of Knowledge. There are also people who concern themselves with Takfeer, while they are at a low level of steadfastness in the Din.. So what is you Ruling on this [issue]?
 
 
Answer:
Without a doubt Takfeer is a massive issue. It’s part of the important matters, but i will give you some important principles/fundamentals about this issue:
 
The First Principle is: The people whom busy them selves with Takfeer, are the people of knowledge and those who have understanding of Fiqh [Jurisprudence]. Is that clear?
 
The second Principle is: The one who enters Islam with Yaqeen [certainty], only leaves it with Yaqeen.
 
The third Principle is: The actions, which nullify your Islam, are different from each other. Some of the nullifiers can only be recognized by the scholars, who understand the issue in detail. At the other hand some of the Nullifiers are clear, like for example; Shirk [associating partners to Allah] and slandering Allah and His Messenger [Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasalam]. So the majority of the people know these issues. And there are others that are not known by the Majority.
 
So there is a difference between the one and the other. Anyway, it’s obligatory to be careful in this issue, the best way he can.
When a person busies himself with these issues with out knowledge, he is a sinner. So he is obligated to not speak about this, only with knowledge and the clear evidences from the Quran, Sunna, and Ijmaa’ [consensus of the scholars].
 
The messenger of Allah [Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam] said:
“‘Whoever says to his brother: “O Kaafir”, while he is not, it will return on him.” [Sahih al-Bukhari, also in Muslim and Abu Dawud]
 
 
If you make Takfeer of a person [declare as Kaafir] while he is not, the Takfeer will return on you. That’s why it is important to be cautious in this matter.
A person can be a new in seeking knowledge [starting student], or from the average people that are ignorant etc., and then busy himself with this issue, while he skips many other issues. In such a way, that he doesn’t know the rules of prayer, or the rules of ablution. And if you ask him about an issue of Talaaq [divorce], he doesn’t know [the answer].  Besides, the issues of Takfeer are bigger then all the other issues, while he treats them as the same.
If we ask him: “What is the ruling on a man divorced his wife three times?” he doesn’t know the answer!!
So if you don’t know the answer [on the question], how can you know about the other [issues of Takfeer], because the issue of Takfeer is more substantial and much bigger.
 
 
 
Answered by Sheikh Sulaymaan bin Naasir al-’Alwaan
Translated by Abu Yahya
Direct Link to audio: http://youtu.be/IiZtuDgC5n0

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