​It is upon you to understand two Āyāt from the Book of Allāh
By Shaykhul Islām Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul Wahhāb rahimahullāh
No doubt Tawhīd must exist in the heart, upon the tongue and in actions. If a man neglects one of these things to the point that it is missing, then this man is no longer a Muslim. So if he knows what Tawhīd is but doesn’t act upon it then he is a haughty kāfir (kāfir mu’ānid) similar to fir’awn and iblīs and those like them.
Many of the people err in this affair. They say: This is true and we understand this and we bear witness that it is the truth. However, we are unable to implement it, and it is not permissible amongst the people of our country to oppose them or to do anything unless it is in agreement with them and their practices. And they offer other excuses for this. This lowly individual doesn’t realize that the majority of the leaders of kufr know the truth and they do not abandon it due to one excuse (or another) as Allāh tabāraka wa ta’āla says;
{They have purchased with the Āyāt of Allāh a little gain} (9:9)
And there are other Āyāt of Allāh similar to this such as;
{They know him as they know their own sons} (2:146)
If he acts upon Tawhīd in a manner which is apparent through his outer actions while he does not truly understand it nor believe in it in his heart then this person is a munāfiq and he worse than the pure kāfir;
{Indeed, the munāfiqīn occupy the lowest depths of Hell-Fire} (4:145)
And this is a vast matter that is very extensive, and it becomes clearer if you reflect upon the different speech that you hear from the people. You will see one person who knows the truth but abandons acting on it out of fear of losing something from the wealth of this world, his position, his possessions or as a means of pleasing someone. And you will see someone who acts upon the truth outwardly but not inwardly with his heart and if you were to ask him about what he believes in his heart then he will not even know. So, it is upon you to understand two Āyāt from the Book of Allāh.
The first: The statement of Allāh tabāraka wa ta’āla;
{Make no excuse, you have disbelieved after belief} (9:66)
So if it becomes clear to you that some of the Sahābah who fought alongside the Messenger of Allāh sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam on a military campaign against the romans disbelieved because of a statement which they made jokingly, then it should become clear to you that the one who utters a statement of kufr or acts upon it (kufr) fearing that he may lose some wealth or position, or in order to please one of the creation, then his affair is more severe than the one who uttered a statement in a joking fashion.
The second Āyah is;
{Whoever disbelieves in Allāh after having believed, except for the one who is compelled to do so while his heart remains firmly upon belief. But the one who opens his chest to disbelief, then upon him is the Anger of Allāh and for them is a tremendous torment. That is because they preferred the life of this world over the life of the Hereafter.} 16:106-107)
So Allāh did not excuse from those people except for the ones who were compelled to do so while their hearts were filled with Īmān. So anyone other than this type of person has disbelieved after having true Īmān, irrespective of whether he did it out of fear of the people, to please others, or for love and greed of his country, family, tribe or wealth, or he did it in jest, or any other reason. (The only accepted excuse) is if he is compelled and forced.
The Āyah from the Qur’ān proves this from two different angles:
The first is His statement;
{Except for the one who is compelled to do so}
So Allāh tabāraka wa ta’āla does not exempt anyone except the one who is compelled and it is well known that people are only compelled to utter a statement or perform an action, as for the belief in the heart then no one can compel another concerning his belief. (The Shaykh is pointing to the fact that one can disbelieve through an action or statement without tying it to the heart)
The second: The statement of Allāh tabāraka wa ta’āla;
{That is because they preferred the life of this world over the life of the Hereafter}
So Allāh explicitly states here that this disbelief and torment is not due to belief, ignorance, hatred towards the Deen or love of kufr. Rather, the reason for this was due to some worldly matters which they preferred over the Deen.
And Allāh subhānahu wa ta’āla knows best. May the Salāt and Salām of Allāh forever be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon his Sahābah.
(Kashfu shubahāt)


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